Creating Tastes and Tasting Creatively

Race and the Semiotics of Peruvian Cuisine

  • Amy Lasater-Wille

Abstract

During the past two decades, Peru has seen a dramatic expansion of restaurants and attention to its cuisine at home and abroad, a phenomenon known locally as the “gastronomy boom.” One effect of the gastronomy boom is a surge of enrollment in culinary schools, with young people of varying racial and class backgrounds converging on low- and mid-priced technical institutes in Lima in hopes of becoming Peru’s future celebrity chefs. In this article, based on participant observation in two such institutes, I analyze the processes by which students’ individual senses of taste are standardized and transformed in the name of forming diverse students into professionals. Drawing on the concept of linguistic style, I show that local ideologies of taste have long allowed cooking to be both an index of race and a substance through which racial difference is instantiated. I then show that socializing students to produce a new, “creative” cuisine – cuisine built on violating expectations about how culinary features should co-occur -- encourages students to think of themselves and their foods as commodities rather than representatives of race or region. As such, the practice of a “creative” cooking style semiotically links Peruvian hopes for greater intercultural understanding and hopes for the country’s economic development to the embodied and sensorial practices of individual culinary students.

Keywords: cuisine, taste, race, style, Peru

Image: Map of Peru overlaid with regional dishes
Published
Jan 22, 2017
How to Cite
LASATER-WILLE, Amy. Creating Tastes and Tasting Creatively. Semiotic Review, [S.l.], n. 5, jan. 2017. Available at: <https://www.semioticreview.com/ojs/index.php/sr/article/view/4>. Date accessed: 27 mar. 2017.